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Getting on the Red Planet: Highlighting the Preparation for the Future Mars Missions

In recent times, space scientists and astronauts have taken giant strides in exploring outer space; we hear of different missions and discoveries that help us understand the universe more. However, when it comes to Mars- also called the red planet- the living conditions have made it quite hard to explore the place. Here are the challenges and preparations concerning the Mars mission.

First things first, who would the crew members be?

There hasn’t ever been a crewed mission to Mars– so it only makes sense that great standards have to be set when it comes to who the crew members will be. Picking the right candidates is essential to a successful voyage.

Courtesy: Digital Trends

NASA and other affiliated agencies will look out for candidates with strong problem-solving skills and experience in stressful environments like working remotely or in military service. The right candidates will also have backgrounds in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).

Getting astronauts ready physically

Physical fitness is necessary for potential crew members. Due to the microgravity environment of space, astronauts’ bodies will experience significant changes- they have to prepare for these changes.

Courtesy: Adam Norton

Potential crew members have to participate in a thorough exercise routine, which includes flexibility and cardiovascular strength. They will also practice exercises in a simulation of Martian gravity to familiarize them with the feeling of being on the planet.

Unique challenges for a unique crew

Although spacecraft have explored Mars and scientists have an idea of what to expect, the fact that humans haven’t explored the Red Planet makes these future missions unique. The mission is one-of-a-kind and requires special training.

Courtesy: Star Walk

From spacewalking to using particular instruments, potential astronauts must receive rigorous training. This will help them operate the spacecraft and also conduct reasonable research on Mars.

It’s not just space logic and mathematics

Aside from the physical effects, being on a planet that humans haven’t set foot on will surely come with some psychological effects. This explains why astronauts will have to be separated from their family and friends to work with a small team.

Courtesy: ABC

Potential crew members will also take part in simulation exercises in remote places like the Arctic that mimic Martian conditions. An example of these simulations is the NASA project in which researchers live in a simulated Martian environment on the slopes of Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii.

Duration and other potential barriers

The human journey to Mars will surely be time-consuming; the trip will take two to three years. Of course, a trip that takes such a long time requires adequate preparation for different unexpected issues that may come up.

Another major aspect that astronauts will have to be experienced in is working with others from diverse backgrounds. Since international collaboration is very likely, the pioneers of this feat might also have to overcome language barriers.

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